Ivor Armstrong Richards was born in Sandbach, England, on February 26, 1893. He received his formal education at Magdalene College of Cambridge University, where he received the degree of M.A. He became a teaching Fellow of Magdalene in 1926 and has also held positions as visiting professor at Tsing Hua University, Peking, from 1929 to 1930, visiting lecturer at Harvard in 1931, and Director of The Orthological Institute of China from 1936 to 1938. Throughout his life, he has been vitally interested in the Orient. While teaching in China, he studied Chinese philosophy and worked on his book MENCIUS ON THE MIND. He has had a special interest in the thought of Confucius. In 1964 he was made an Honorary Fellow of Magdalene College.
Although he has written poetry and drama, his major contributions have been in the fields of literary criticism and philology. His first book, THE FOUNDATIONS OF AESTHETICS, published in 1922 and written in collaboration with psychologist C. K. Ogden and art authority James Wood, examined the whole area of aesthetics in an attempt to arrive at the nature of beauty and to offer the authors’ own definition of aesthetics. In 1923, Richards and Ogden published THE MEANING OF MEANING, a psychologically oriented pursuit of “meaning” in the arts. But more significant critical pronouncements were made in the next three books: PRINCIPLES OF LITERARY CRITICISM in 1924, SCIENCE AND POETRY in...
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