Presidential Powers (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
The executive authority given to the president of the United States by Article II of the Constitution to carry out the duties of the office.
Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution provides that the "executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States," making the president the head of the EXECUTIVE BRANCH of the federal government. Sections 2 and 3 enumerate specific powers granted to the president, which include the authority to appoint judges, ambassadors, and other high-ranking government officials; VETO legislation; call Congress into special session; grant pardons; issue proclamations and orders; administer the law; and serve as commander in chief of the armed forces.
Article II gives the president authority to recommend measures for congressional consideration. Pursuant to this authority, presidents submit budgets, propose bills, and recommend other action to be taken by Congress.
Under Article I, Section 7, of the Constitution, "every bill" and "every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary" must be presented to the president for approval. This "presentment" requirement does not apply to constitutional amendments, procedural rules of each house, and several other types of...
(The entire section is 2194 words.)
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