Pilgrims Arrive in North America (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Pilgrims arrive in North America, establishing a second area of English influence in North America and offering another haven for English citizens who fear religious or political oppression.
Summary of Event
In 1534, as the Protestant Reformation swept across Europe, King Henry VIII separated the Christian Church in England from the Roman Catholic Church. Under his daughter, Elizabeth I, the national Church of England was created by combining some Roman Catholic traditions and doctrines with the beliefs and practices of the new Protestant churches on the continent. Elizabeth’s goal was for an independent church where all Englishmen would feel at home. However, some opposed the retention of Roman Catholic ritualism and advocated “purifying” the new church of that ritualism. The Puritans, as they were soon called, included both non-separatists who wanted to remain in a purified Church of England, and separatists who saw no alternative to complete separation.
By the early seventeenth century, the Separatist Puritans were being persecuted by the Church of England and by the English government. In 1607, many of them, including the Scrooby Congregation, sought refuge in the Netherlands. Within a few years, however, conditions in the Netherlands became unsatisfactory, and the Scrooby Congregation decided to seek a better home in the new land of America, where the Jamestown Colony in...
(The entire section is 1518 words.)
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