Piet Mondrian (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Mondrian was of paramount importance to the initiation of geometric abstraction for modern art during World War I. He was the principal voice and exemplar of neoplasticism in Dutch painting as well as one of the founders of the Dutch modern movement in architecture and design known as de Stijl, a movement that influenced the International style in building construction during the 1920’s and 1930’s.
Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, Jr. (Piet Mondrian), was born in Amersfoort, a central Netherlands town, where his father was headmaster at a Dutch reformed grammar school. Piet Mondrian, as he was known, lived only eight childhood years in Amersfoort, after which his family moved east to Winterswijk near the German border. There his father began duties as headmaster of a Calvinist primary school. Mondrian finished early formal education at that school by 1886. Of special importance for his future, he developed an interest in drawing there as a student, from self-training plus guidance from his father, who was a competent draftsman. He received his first painting instruction from an uncle, Fritz Mondriaan, a professional painter of land- scapes who, though based at The Hague, spent numerous summers at his brother’s home in Winterswijk. Not surprisingly, early lessons for Mondrian from his uncle included landscape composition. Other documented training in art was received from the Doetinchem...
(The entire section is 2162 words.)
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