Philips Corporation Proposes Compact Disc (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: The Philips Corporation and the Sony Corporation signed an agreement proposing the Compact Disc (CD) Audio System of 1980.
The Development of the Compact Disc
The development of the compact disc (CD) for the storage of audio programs spans the decade from 1974 to 1983, the year when CD players first became available in the United States. The Philips Corporation (in the Netherlands) developed the technology for storing and retrieving digital (numerical) information from discs. Initially developed for video systems, the process was reformatted to be used for audio systems. The goals of the technology were, in addition to replacing the then popular 12-inch, vinyl, long-playing (LP) record, to reduce noise and to store at least the same amount of music on a smaller disc.
Legend has it that the maximum disc playing time of 74 minutes for a stereo performance was determined by conductor Herbert von Karajan. He had advised the Philips Corporation that its new product should at least be able to contain his performance of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony without interruption.
The Sony Corporation of Japan had extensively researched the error-processing requirements for large-diameter optical disc systems in the mid-1970’s. By 1979, Philips and Sony, realizing that collaboration would be mutually beneficial, signed the agreement that jointly proposed the Compact Disc Audio System of 1980....
(The entire section is 986 words.)
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