Pavonia Massacre (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: This massacre, perpetrated by European settlers on peaceful Indian tribes, led to brutal retaliation by the Indians and the eventual destruction of Pavonia.
Pavonia, a Dutch settlement located in the current Staten Island and Bayonne-Jersey City region, was the terminus of a trail used by Indians to move trading goods. A use tax imposed in 1639 and other incidents so outraged the Hackensack that in 1642 they killed two settlers. In 1643, a number of Wecquaesgeek Indians fled in terror from Mohawk raids—some to Pavonia, near the Hackensack, seeking Dutch protection.
Following a carefully laid-out plot, eighty soldiers launched a brutal surprise attack on the Indian camp shortly after midnight on February 26 to revenge the killing of the settlers. Between 80 and 120 Indians were killed and about thirty prisoners taken. In retaliation for this massacre, regional tribes intermittently terrorized the Dutch over the next decade.
(The entire section is 144 words.)
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