Paul VI (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Paul VI convened the last three sessions of the historic Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), which brought the Roman Catholic church into constructive engagement with the modern world. His abiding concern for the poor and for human rights and social justice and his extensive travels reinforced the progressive influence of the Vatican Council.
Giovanni Battista Montini was born on September 26, 1897, in Concesio, a small village near Brescia, in the province of Lombardy, Italy. He was the second son of Giorgio and Giuditta Alghisi Montini. The Montinis were a prosperous aristocratic family, deeply devoted to the Roman Catholic church. Giorgio was one of the founders of Sa Paolo Bank of Brescia, La Scuola Publishing Union, and the Morcelliana publishing house. A successful journalist, he edited the daily Il Cittadino di Brescia between 1881 and 1912. Giorgio was also very active in Italian politics, defending the interests of the Catholic church. Pope Benedict XV appointed him to the leadership of the Catholic Electoral Union of Italy. After World War I, when Catholics were allowed to participate in Italian politics, Giorgio Montini became active in the Popular Party. He was elected to represent Brescia in three legislatures prior to the party’s suppression in 1926 by Benito Mussolini. Giovanni’s mother, Giuditta, was also from an aristocratic family. She was noted in Brescia as a...
(The entire section is 2102 words.)
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