Pan-Indianism (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: American Indians have long attempted to balance tribal loyalties and affiliations with the possibilities and benefits afforded by intertribal unity; during the latter half of the twentieth century, Pan-Indianism has become a hotly contested issue
Since the 1960’s American Indians have become increasingly politicized and reform-minded. This mobilization has occurred along three lines: tribal, pantribal, and Pan-Indian. Tribal activity currently focuses on organizations or actions by and for members of a specific tribe. This type of movement usually concentrates on the protection or expansion of a single tribe’s rights or opportunities. Pantribalism occurs when two or more tribal entities unite in pursuit of a mutually beneficial goal. The Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) is an example of such activity. Tribal and pantribal mobilizations are distinct from the Pan-Indian movement, which promotes the universality of the Indian experience and emphasizes ethnic identification rather than tribal affiliations. According to Vine Deloria, Jr., a nationally recognized authority on Indian rights, in his work The Nations Within: The Past and Future of American Indian Sovereignty (1984), “the tribes are concerned with the substance of Indian life while the ethnics [Pan-Indianists] look to the process.”
(The entire section is 1315 words.)
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