Pamlico (American Indians Ready Reference)
Though there are numerous references to this tribe, little is known about them. The Pamlico were horticulturalists whose subsistence base consisted essentially of maize, beans, squash, and a wide variety of cultivated foods, supplemented by men's hunting, trapping, and fishing. Women dug roots and gathered berries and nuts, some of which were dried for winter storage.
The first mention of the Pamlico was by the Raleigh colonists in 1585, who called them Pomouik. The population of the Pamlico was estimated to be nearly one thousand in 1600. The Pamlico suffered a devastating smallpox epidemic in 1696 that left only seventy-five survivors, who by 1710 were living in a single village. In 1711, the Pamlico participated in the Tuscarora War, at the end of which the Tuscarora, under treaty with the English, agreed to exterminate the remaining Pamlico. Those not killed were incorporated as slaves by the victorious Tuscarora.
(The entire section is 143 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!