Palestinian Refugees Form the Palestine Liberation Organization (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The Palestine Liberation Organization was created to voice the nationalist aspirations of the Palestinian people.
Summary of Event
A Jewish nation was established on May 14, 1948, in accordance with a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly. The individuals who founded the new state were of various political persuasions but most basically may be termed Zionists. Zionism is both a doctrine and a movement which aims at reuniting Jews into their own state to end centuries of dispersal and persecution. This movement is based on biblical promises and texts but more immediately found support in the wake of Adolf Hitler’s genocidal mass murder of European Jewry. As soon as it was created, the new state of Israel found itself at war with Arab nations. The Arab-Israeli war of 1948-1949 resulted in Israeli victory and tragedy for the Palestinian Arabs. The war forced massive numbers of Palestinians to flee their homes. Moreover, at the end of war, Israel annexed the Arab areas originally set up for Palestinians by United Nations Resolution 181, commonly known as the “partition plan.” This left those Palestinians who remained in the areas as citizens of the new Israeli state, albeit citizens forced to carry passes, obey curfews, or endure house arrest for political dissidence. Furthermore, the Israeli government promoted a policy of Jewish settlement within the territory which originally had been...
(The entire section is 1896 words.)
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