Palestinian Intifada Begins (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Beginning in the Jebalya refugee camp and later spreading to the rest of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, Palestinians started the Intifada (uprising) to resist the twenty-year Israeli military occupation.
Summary of Event
Protests in the Palestinian Jebalya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip during the second week of December, 1987, were severely repressed by the Israeli army, with heavy Palestinian casualties. These protests became the cornerstone of the Intifada, one of the most important political events in the history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. To understand the factors behind the Intifada is to understand the cumulative effect of Israeli policies on the Palestinians, who have been under occupation since 1967. In general, the Israeli government followed a strategy that brought the West Bank and the Gaza Strip under a firm grip through the use of three control mechanisms: infrastructure, labor, and market. Israel linked the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to its economy in several ways: by making the occupied territories a captive market wherein nearly 90 percent of annual imports were Israeli products; by linking the physical infrastructure of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to Israel through roads and water and power grids; and by employing Palestinians as cheap and unskilled labor.
This process was accelerated after the Likud Party came to power in Israel in...
(The entire section is 1985 words.)
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