Pakistani Government Is Ousted by Coup (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: The democratically elected Pakistani government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was ousted by a military-led coup, which brought to power Pervez Musharraf, who declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution and the national assembly.
Since Pakistan’s establishment in 1947 through the partition of India into two countries, democracy has never gained a solid foothold in the country. By 1999, Pakistan had spent twenty-five years of its fifty-one years of existence under military rule. Democracy has faltered in Pakistan, partly because of severe social and economic divisions in Pakistani society, with people from Punjab dominating the other parts of the country, and partly because of the Pakistani people’s dissatisfaction with democratically elected leaders.
Another reason for the reoccurrence of military rule is Pakistan’s troubled relationship with its neighbor, India. Since its establishment, Pakistan has fought three fully declared wars in 1947, 1965, and 1971 and one undeclared war in 1999 with India. India-Pakistan relations were further strained during the Cold War, when Pakistan sided with the United States and India with the Soviet Union.
When Nawaz Sharif became prime minister in 1997 after Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was dismissed in 1996 on charges of corruption, the Pakistani people were hopeful that Sharif would improve their...
(The entire section is 957 words.)
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