Pakistan Hangs Former Prime Minister Bhutto (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Bhutto was executed by the government of General Zia ul-Haq after being found guilty of complicity in a political murder.
Summary of Event
The career of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the significance of his ultimate fate can be understood and appreciated only within the broader context of Pakistan’s political history. The most decisive factor in this history is the country’s creation. Pakistan was born on August 14, 1947, when the British ended their two centuries of imperial rule over the Indian subcontinent and transferred governing authority to two countries, India and Pakistan. India inherited a political tradition and a culture that were millenia old. Pakistan, on the other hand, could lay claim to no prior existence as a separate country. It had come into being as the result of a separatist movement based upon the common identity and sense of minority status of the South Asian Muslim community. India, which declared itself to be a secular state, contained a majority Hindu population as well as many other communities, including millions of Muslims. Pakistan, in contrast, was intended to be a homeland for Muslims, which meant that its social and political institutions should be fashioned according to the dictates of Islam.
The combination of newly gained independence and the role of Islam created a difficult political environment within which Pakistan tried to develop politically. For...
(The entire section is 2194 words.)
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