Pachacuti (Dictionary of World Biography: Renaissance)
Article abstract: Pachacuti, through personal courage, brilliant political sense, and administrative genius, was primarily responsible for the creation of the Inca Empire in its final form.
Pachacuti (Cusi Inca Yupanqui), the ninth emperor of the Inca in a direct line from the perhaps legendary Manco Capac, who founded the dynasty about the year 1200, was, with his son Topa Inca Yupanqui and his grandson Huayna Capac, one of the three greatest Inca emperors. Since he was said to have been about eighty years of age when he died in 1471, he presumably was born in Cuzco, the capital, about 1391, the son of Viracocha Inca and Runtu Coya. As the son of the emperor, Pachacuti was thoroughly educated in military science and the art of administration, but almost nothing is known about his life before the dramatic events of 1437-1438 brought him to the throne.
The Inca had no written historical records, and what is known of their origins is to be found in chronicles written after the Spanish Conquest. These were based on the memory of native historians, however, who used the quipu, knotted ropes which served as memory devices, to recall the events of Inca history. Certainly from the beginnings of Pachacuti’s reign the chronicles must be considered generally reliable, though it is possible that he may have dictated an account of his accession in order to justify the legitimacy of his claim to the...
(The entire section is 2114 words.)
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