P. G. T. Beauregard (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Beauregard, one of only eight full generals in the Confederacy, was involved in virtually every major theater during the American Civil War and was an active, vocal, and popular leader.
P. G. T. Beauregard, an 1838 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, served in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) under General Winfield Scott. After Louisiana seceded from the Union in 1861 at the outbreak of the American Civil War (1861-1865), he resigned from the U.S. Army to become a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. On April 12, 1861, he commanded the bombardment of Fort Sumter in the Charleston harbor. At the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861, he played a major role in the Confederate victory. Transferred to the western theater, in April, 1862, he assumed command of the forces at the Battle of Shiloh after the death of General Albert Sidney Johnston. Before the end of the war, he also organized and commanded the defenses of Charleston and played a major role in defending Richmond.
Affectionately called “Old Bory” by the citizens of the Confederacy, Beauregard was tremendously popular on the Southern home front as the hero of Fort Sumter and Charleston. His temperamental, egotistical nature, however, led many of his fellow officers to question his reliability. Postwar accounts published by such Confederate luminaries as Jefferson Davis and Joseph Eggleston Johnston...
(The entire section is 295 words.)
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