Study Guide

Oxygen

by John B. Olson

Oxygen Summary

Overview (Literary Essentials: Christian Fiction and Nonfiction)

In Oxygen, biochemist John B. Olson and physicist Randall Scott Ingermanson produce a work of science fiction that poses an intriguing question. If a catastrophe should strike midway between Earth and Mars, what should an astronaut trust: God or technology? The protagonist, Valkerie Jansen—astronaut, scientist, doctor, and Christian—responds in a way that honors both her faith-based heritage and her empirical training.

In this account of a mission gone awry, events begin on Tuesday, August 14, 2012, in Alaska and end on Friday, July 4, 2014, on Mars. During the short two-year span, Jansen is selected to the astronaut corps, trains for a flight, and begins the mission to Mars. The pressure of time is a significant catalyst: NASA must launch Ares 10 as scheduled or the program will be scrapped; Jansen has months, not years, to complete her training; and, following a series of mishaps, the astronauts have limited time to find a solution to their depleting oxygen supply. Furthermore, if NASA is to profit from televised coverage and gain public support for future flights, it must meet expectations for a Fourth of July landing. This haste is conveyed effectively in the novel’s format. Comprising four long sections that house forty short chapters, the novel is fast-paced.

Part 1, “Human Factors,” opens with Jansen camped in Alaska, collecting biological samples from an active volcano as part of her postdoctoral work. Poisonous gases leak from the earth’s crust and she instinctively seeks higher ground. When the gases reach into the treetops she climbs, she returns to camp, punctures her Jeep’s tires, and inhales the stale oxygen they provide. Her survival instinct and vast scientific knowledge are a combination sought by NASA. In a coincidence that is at odds with an otherwise believably scripted work, two NASA officials arrive by helicopter during this episode to interview their applicant. Instead of conducting an interview, they find themselves rescuing the oxygen-deprived Jansen, airlifting her to safety. The episode tells them what they hoped to discover in their interview, and they offer her a dream job.

Throughout much of the novel, the relationship between crew members is a tenuous one. Even prior to the flight disasters, tension exists. Others are...

(The entire section is 944 words.)

Oxygen Bibliography (Literary Essentials: Christian Fiction and Nonfiction)

Sources for Further Study

Duncan, Melanie. Review of Oxygen. Library Journal, September 1, 2001, 156. Examines the novel’s genre-blending elements and concludes that science fiction melds with mystery in a satisfying marriage.

Mort, John. Review of Oxygen. Booklist, June 1, 2001, 1844. An appraisal of the novel’s technical savvy, compelling story line, and spiritual elements.

Tomasso, Phillip. Review of Oxygen. Curled up with a Good Book. http://curledup .com. Focuses on novel’s stylistic features that contribute to its readability; also notes its relevance to contemporary issues.