Old Kingdom Period Begins in Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: In the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians built on the advances of the Predynastic Period and First and Second Dynasties to achieve an unparalleled level of accomplishments.
Summary of Event
The Old Kingdom (c. 2687-c. 2125 b.c.e.), the pinnacle of Egyptian civilization, includes the Third through Eighth Dynasties and was characterized by two opposing tendencies. In the early part of this period, there was an evolving concentration of all power in the central figure of the king. The architectural symbol of this centralization, the pyramid, gives this period its second name, the Pyramid Age. Later, a gradual tendency toward decentralization began, which led to the ephemeral reigns of the kings of the Seventh and Eighth Dynasties (c. 2180-c. 2160). They, in turn, ushered in the First Intermediate Period (c. 2160-c. 2055 b.c.e.), once described, in overdrawn terms, as an interval of anarchy.
The term Old Kingdom is an invention of the nineteenth century. From an Egyptian perspective, there may have been no sharp break because the dynasty’s founder may have been either related by marriage to or a son of the Second Dynasty (c. 2775-c. 2687 b.c.e.) ruler Khasekemwy. Of the kings of the Third Dynasty (c. 2687-c. 2613), the most illustrious was Netjerikhet, better known as Zoser, but also known as Djoser. He was either the first king of the Third Dynasty (r. c. 2687-c. 2650) or the second king (r....
(The entire section is 1647 words.)
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