October Revolution (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The October Revolution allows the Bolshevik Party to seize power from a weak coalition of liberals and moderate socialists and establish a Communist dictatorship.
Summary of Event
The October Revolution of the Bolsheviks took place on November 6-7 (or October 24-25 by the Julian calendar), 1917. It was the second revolution to happen in Russia that year, and by it Vladimir Ilich Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, seized power from the provisional government, which had superseded the autocracy of the last Romanov czar of Russia, Nicholas II, in the February Revolution. The February Revolution had followed years of czarist misrule and the disastrous impact on Russia of World War I, during which stunning defeats had come to the Russian armies and deep privations had been inflicted upon the Russian people at home. In the second week of March, workers and soldiers in Petrograd (as St. Petersburg had been renamed during the war) had revolted and joined forces, thereby forcing the abdication of Nicholas II.
The provisional government which had then come into power was born out of negotiations between the previously elected assembly, or Duma, a moderate group dominated by the property-owning classes, and the recently established Petrograd Soviet, or council, of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, a relatively moderate socialist organization but clearly to the left of the Duma. It was agreed that the...
(The entire section is 2175 words.)
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