October Crisis (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Responding to terrorism and kidnapping in Quebec, the Canadian federal government suspends civil liberties.
Summary of Event
The October Crisis of 1970 was a tragic period in Quebec’s history, marked by kidnapping, murder, and the suspension of civil liberties. It followed a decade of profound change and intellectual turbulence, not simply in the province of Quebec but throughout the world. Decolonization was in vogue, wars of liberation were being fought in several countries, and youth were questioning the values of their parents and the capitalist system. During the 1960’s, Quebec society, once rural and religious, had undergone rapid transformation and was well on the way to becoming a modern, secular, progressive society. Increasingly self-confident and assertive French-speaking Quebecers (Québécois) were no longer willing to accept passively the Anglo-Canadian domination of previous centuries. In addition, they feared for the future of the French language and Québécois culture. This led many to join the ranks of the so-called separatist, or sovereignist, movement, which advocated political sovereignty or even outright independence for Quebec.
While these sovereignists followed a democratic path, others were not so patient. The Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) was an underground revolutionary movement dedicated to creating a socialist, independent Quebec. Officially founded...
(The entire section is 1483 words.)
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