Ocaneechi (American Indians Ready Reference)
The small tribe of river-oriented Ocaneechi were horticulturalists about which little is known ethnographically. They had two chiefs, one who presided over warfare, and the other over matters concerning planting and hunting. Their so-called tribal symbol was a serpent. They are first recorded in 1670 as inhabiting a large island in the Roanoke River. Apparently, they later established and maintained close socioeconomic relations with the Tutelo and the Saponi, who shared the same language and who settled on two adjacent islands. In 1676, the Conestoga sought protection from the Ocaneechi against the English and Iroquois, but later the Conestoga attempted to dispose of their benefactors and were driven away. In time, after continual conflict with the Iroquois and Virginians, the Ocaneechi left their island and settled in North Carolina.
(The entire section is 127 words.)
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