Non-Aligned Movement Meets in Indonesia (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: The leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement, a loose and mainly Third World alliance, met to discuss its future and agreed that it should continue to represent their interests despite the end of the Cold War.
Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement
On September 1, 1992, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) began its first summit following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The NAM’s leaders met in Jakarta, Indonesia, to discuss the continuing relevance of their alliance in the new, post-Cold War era.
To many outsiders, it appeared that the NAM no longer had any real purpose in the 1990’s. It had been founded nearly four decades earlier, in 1955, as part of an effort by Third World countries to insulate themselves from the Cold War, which sometimes seemed to require every nation to choose either the Soviet or the Western side. Its other purpose was to raise issues of Third World economic development, decolonization, and social justice onto the agenda of international politics, which NAM members saw as disproportionately dominated by Cold War interests and issues.
With the end of the Cold War, there was no longer any great international divide among the superpowers and therefore no need to be “nonaligned.” By 1992, the Soviet Union no longer represented an alternative to the West. In turn, this meant that Western countries began to perceive the Third World as having less strategic...
(The entire section is 929 words.)
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