The Nineteenth Amendment Gives American Women the Right to Vote (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving women the right to vote, was the culmination of several decades of struggle.
Summary of Event
In 1890, the two wings of the women’s suffrage movement (radical and moderate) merged to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Its first president was Elizabeth C. Stanton, long-time women’s rights champion and social activist. Her leadership in the cause of woman suffrage was nearing an end, however, and younger women began replacing the aging stalwarts.
While not yet generally accepted, woman suffrage was no longer considered a fringe movement. It had influential friends in Congress as well as in state legislatures. This progress is attributable to the efforts of such veterans as Stanton (president of the National Woman Suffrage Association from 1869 to 1889), her close friend, cofounder and also president of the NWSA, Susan B. Anthony, and older allies such as Lucretia Mott and Lucy Stone. A younger generation was ready to advance the movement, confident that a growing social consciousness would aid their cause.
The ever-growing number of women...
(The entire section is 2438 words.)
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Nineteenth Amendment (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
The Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution reads:
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The Nineteenth Amendment was enacted in 1920, after a 70-year struggle led by the women's suffrage movement.
The groundwork for the suffrage movement was laid in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, now considered the birthplace of the women's movement. Here ELIZABETH CADY STANTON drafted the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments, which demanded VOTING RIGHTS, property rights, educational opportunities, and economic EQUITY for women.
Rather than face the difficult task of obtaining approval of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution from an all-male Congress preoccupied with the question of SLAVERY, the suffragists decided to focus their attention on the separate states and seek state constitutional amendments. The state-by-state effort began in 1867 in Kansas with a REFERENDUM to enfranchise women. The referendum was defeated, but that same year the western territories of Wyoming and Utah provided the first victories for the...
(The entire section is 588 words.)