The Night of the Iguana Essay - Critical Evaluation

Tennessee Williams

Critical Evaluation

In most of Tennessee Williams’s major plays, the fear of dispossession looms before the major characters. Even in the affluent setting of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955), Brick and Maggie are threatened with disinheritance. In The Night of the Iguana, the themes of dispossession and homelessness run high and are sustained throughout the play. Larry Shannon, Hannah Jelkes, and Nonno are all wanderers, wandering without means. One can hardly envision a more hopeless situation than that of Hannah: Penniless, she spends her life pushing a ninety-seven-year-old man, a fourth- or fifth-rate poet, around Mexico in his wheelchair.

Despite this, Hannah emerges as a unique female character in the Williams canon. She is almost a reverse image of Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire (1947), although she faces similar problems. Whereas Blanche lives in the shadow of a checkered past, Hannah has always lived within the socially established moral boundaries of her society.

Hannah’s celibacy does not make her judgmental of those who do not practice her restraint. In the two romantic episodes of her life that she reveals to Larry Shannon in the play, she has sympathy for the men who tried to have their way with her, the first a youth who pursued her in the balcony of a darkened movie theater, the second, years later, a man who took her out on a sampan one evening when she was in Singapore and, requesting one article of her...

(The entire section is 526 words.)