‘‘Neighbour Rosicky,’’ written in 1928 and collected in the volume Obscure Destinies in 1932, is generally considered one of Willa Cather’s most successful short stories. In it, she returns to the subject matter that informed her most important novels: the immigrant experience on the Nebraska prairie. Unlike My Antonia and O Pioneers!, two novels which compellingly explore the frontier experiences of young and vigorous immigrant women, ‘‘Neighbour Rosicky’’ is a character study of Anton Rosicky, a man who, facing the approach of death, reflects on the meaning and value of his life. In tracing Rosicky’s journey from Bohemia to Nebraska, Cather explores the intimate relationship between people and the places they inhabit. Though the story considers the pain of separations, ‘‘Neighbour Rosicky’’ also celebrates the small triumphs of life. Written not long after the death of her father, the story reflects a new maturity in Cather’s treatment of loss. Critics often remark on the story’s graceful acceptance of death’s inevitability. Like many of the novels and stories that Cather wrote in the decades after World War I, ‘‘Neighbour Rosicky’’ also criticizes the unthinking materialism that marked the 1920s. Though some early critics found her approach sentimental, critics in later decades tended to applaud Cather’s portrait of an immigrant farmer whose honesty, integrity, and emotional depth help him achieve a meaningful and happy life for himself and for his family.