The National Audubon Society Is Established (Great Events from History II: Ecology and the Environment Series)
Article abstract: The uniting of state Audubon societies into a national organization gave vitality and permanence to the infant bird-protection movement in the United States.
Summary of Event
The National Audubon Society was established in 1905 to provide protection for the U.S. bird population. The society was named for John James Audubon, a nineteenth century hunter, painter of American birdlife, and advocate of bird preservation. Audubon’s major contribution to the work of the National Audubon Society is his artistic and scientific record of the American wildlife of his time. The concept of bird protection, however, which is at the heart of the National Audubon Society, was completely unknown to him, as the sheer number of birds on the American continent at that time prevented any realization of the need for their protection.
Audubon’s home on the Hudson River was to have a significant influence on the development of Audubon societies. It was there that Audubon collected the trophies of his bird-hunting expeditions. The home became the center of Audubon Park, later a major residential area of New York City.
The most important name in the founding of the bird-protection movement in the United States is that of George Bird Grinnell. Like Audubon, Grinnell was a big-game hunter. He was also a naturalist, an explorer, and the publisher of a hunting and fishing magazine called Forest and...
(The entire section is 2050 words.)
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National Audubon Society (NAS) (Special Interest Group Profiles)
ESTABLISHED: January 5, 1905
ADDRESS: 700 Broadway New York, NY 10003
PHONE: (212) 979-3000
FAX: (212) 353-0377
PRESIDENT: John Flicker
VICE CHAIRMAN: John B. Beinecke
VICE CHAIRMAN: Ruth O. Russell
WHAT IS ITS MISSION?
According to its mission statement, the National Audubon Society (NAS) works to conserve and restore natural ecosystems, focusing on birds and other wildlife for the benefit of humanity and the Earth's biological diversity. The scope of NAS's efforts is wide-ranging and its reach is boundless: from repelling oil-drilling efforts in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to preserving the beauty of California's Mono Lake to educating children and adults about rare wetlands fowl through its magazines and field guides. The national organization and its various chapters have, in effect, staked claim to all of planet Earth in a desire to maintain its natural integrity.
HOW IS IT STRUCTURED?
The National Audubon Society is a nonprofit advocacy group located in New...
(The entire section is 3227 words.)