Nation of Islam Is Founded (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: The Nation of Islam (NOI), a Black Muslim religious organization, inculcates black pride and helps elevate African Americans’ social and economic status.
Summary of Event
The Nation of Islam (NOI), also known as the Black Muslim movement and the Lost Found Nation of Islam in the Wilderness of North America, is a religious organization that has successfully melded orthodox Islam, black nationalism, and a set of social and economic principles to produce a highly structured way of life for its African American membership. A religious sect founded in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan, the NOI borrowed from earlier movements as it crystallized around three leaders: W. D. Fard, Elijah Muhammad, and Malcolm X.
Orthodox Islam was started in Mecca, Saudia Arabia, by the prophet Mohammad (570-632). A major world religion, Islam may have arrived in America with the Spanish explorers. In 1888, Alexander Russell Webb established an Islamic community in the United States. Members of the Islamic religion are known as Muslims or Moslems. To distinguish between orthodox Muslims and members of the Islamic sect the Nation of Islam, theologian C. Eric Lincoln coined the term Black Muslims. Although the NOI considers itself a branch of orthodox Islam, the majority of its earliest members were affiliated with Christianity.
The Nation of Islam embraces the essential teachings of orthodox Islam: prayer five...
(The entire section is 1512 words.)
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