Napata Kingdom Flourishes in Kush (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: The Kushites, centered in Napata, gained power over much of Egypt and created a great civilization that produced many monuments and temples before losing Egypt to the Assyrians.
Summary of Event
Dominating the Nile’s cataracts south of Egypt, Kush was one of Africa’s great civilizations. Much modern scholarship suggests that the ancient northern Sudan, later known as Nubia, contributed greatly to the Nile’s cradle of civilization. However, Kushite political, religious, and cultural contributions were overshadowed by Egypt’s hegemony, and archaeological finds in the region have often been attributed to Egypt.
Immediately south of Upper Egypt lay Wawat, known later as Egyptian Nubia. The limited agricultural potential of the Nile’s stony, high banks in this region separated the rich lands of Egypt from the Dongola Reach, Kush’s fertile heartland between the Third and Fourth Cataracts. Egypt’s New Kingdom pharaohs enviously cast their eyes south of Wawat. Thutmose III (r. c. 1504-1450 b.c.e.) penetrated south of the Third Cataract, conquered Kerma, and established forts at Sai and Tombos. Later Thutmose III conquered the Dongola Reach. By 1400 b.c.e., the pharaohs’ empire reached from the Fourth Cataract in Kush to Syria in the north. After several unsuccessful rebellions, the Kushites acquiesced to Egyptian occupation. Forts dotted the region. Egyptian-influenced script,...
(The entire section is 1611 words.)
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