Nansen Wins the Nobel Peace Prize (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Fridtjof Nansen won the Nobel Peace Prize for his humanitarian work, including arranging prisoner-of-war repatriation after World War I and assisting famine victims and refugees in the early 1920’s.
Summary of Event
On December 10, 1922, Fridtjof Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his completed humanitarian work, including organizing prisoner-of-war repatriation and aiding victims of the Russian famine. At the time of the award, Nansen held the post of League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. In this role, Nansen is credited both with helping thousands of uprooted people rebuild their lives and also with laying the legal and institutional foundations for future international refugee assistance efforts.
Nansen can be described as both a doer and a thinker. After earning a doctorate in zoology, Nansen initially achieved fame as a polar explorer. In 1888, he led the first expedition to cross Greenland successfully. Five years later, Nansen organized an even more adventurous project. In a specially built ship, the Fram (meaning “Forward”), Nansen and his companions set out across the frozen north. Soon the Fram became locked in the polar icecap. The ship and its crew returned home three years later. Nansen’s ideas about Arctic drift were confirmed by his observations. During this journey, Nansen left the ship and attempted to reach the North Pole....
(The entire section is 2510 words.)
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