Namibian War of Independence (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Majority black rule in South Africa, independence for Namibia. Result: Minority white rule ended in both South Africa and Namibia; Namibia gained independence from South Africa.
White settlers throughout southern Africa had a long history of practicing racial discrimination, beginning during the period of Dutch settlement at Cape Town in the early seventeenth century. Discriminatory policies were continued after reconciliation between British and Boer factions, after the Boer War led to creation of the Union of South Africa in 1910. During World War I, South Africa seized neighboring German South West Africa (later known as Namibia), extending white rule. In 1919, South Africa was granted control of the former German protectorate as part of a mandate to be administered under the auspices of the League of Nations. The Mandates Commission of the League frequently cited South African abuses of the system, including exploitation of black labor and an absence of social programs. When South Africa sought formal recognition of the incorporation of South West Africa from the United Nations, the request was refused. Defying international law, the South African government administered South West Africa as a fifth province of the state, extending discriminatory legislation there.
In 1948, the National Party came to power and immediately began to formalize the economic and social...
(The entire section is 1233 words.)
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