Namibia is Liberated from South African Control (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: On December 22, 1988, the Namibian people secured a plan for independence that ended more than one hundred years of colonial domination and paved the way for black majority rule.
Summary of Event
On December 22, 1988, Angola, Cuba, and South Africa met at the United Nations for the final signing ceremony of a complex regional agreement that included a Namibian independence plan. Chester Crocker, undersecretary of state for African affairs of the United States, played an important mediating role in this historic compromise, although many observers were critical of the terms Crocker negotiated. Germany had ruled the area now known as Namibia (then called South West Africa) from 1884 to 1914. South Africa captured the territory from Germany and dominated it for seventy-three years, beginning in 1915 (officially since 1921). During this time, the political and economic rights of the Namibian people, the black majority, were denied. Prior to European conquest of this southwest African territory, various ethnic groups, mainly the Ovambo, the Nama, the Herero, the Damara, the San, the Kavango, and the Tswana, lived in the area. The Germans, who claimed most of Namibia except for Walvis Bay, Namibia’s only deep sea port, had to fight and kill large numbers of Nama and Herero in order to establish their claim of 1884. In 1915, during World War I, South Africa invaded, taking the area from the Germans. In the...
(The entire section is 1924 words.)
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