Nādir Shāh (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Nādir Shāh defeated the Ottoman Turks, the Mogul Empire, and various bordering khanates, briefly reestablishing the glory of Persian empires of the past.
Nādir Shāh came from a Turcoman tribe long established in northeastern Iran. He matured fighting frontier bandits and came to serve the Persian Safavid Dynasty as a military commander and governor. When the Afghans invaded the northeast in 1722, Russia and Turkey invaded the northwest simultaneously, dividing up western Persia. Nādir crushed the Afghans and then defeated the Turks in the west at Hamadān in 1730 in the Persian-Afghan Wars. Nādir usurped the incompetent Shah Tahmāsp II as regent, regained the northwest provinces from Russia, and again defeated the Turks at Baghavand in 1735. Nādir crowned himself shah in 1736. From 1737 to 1741, he invaded Afghanistan and northwestern India, defeating the Moguls at Karnal in 1739. He defeated and incorporated numerous khanates in the north and again defeated the Turks at Kars in 1745. Nādir failed as an administrator, however, and was hated by his subjects for his severe taxation and cruelty, which led to his assassination. Iran lapsed into a half-century of anarchy upon his death.
Avery, Peter, ed. The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 7. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Hewson, Robert H. “Nadir...
(The entire section is 245 words.)
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