Nabedache (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Nabedache were the westernmost of the nine tribes of the Hasinai Confederacy in East Texas, linguistically related to the Caddo. Their homeland was west of the Neches River; they lived in scattered rancherias, farming and hunting.
During the two Spanish occupations (1690-1693 and 1716-1821), missions were established for the Nabedache. They refused to Hispanize, however, maintaining good but reserved relations with the Spanish. They retained their own culture and independence. Between the 1750's and 1799 the Nabedache were the dominant tribe among the Hasinai. Leaders Bigotes, or Sauto (to 1778), and Baltasar Bigotes (post-1778) interacted with the Spanish regarding French trade, war with the Apache, and relations with the Comanche and other tribes to the west. In 1800 they were faced with Indian and American encroachment and the effects of disease. Within seven years they were reduced to 120 people.
During the period of the Texas Republic (1836-1845), their fortunes waned further. They were forced into central Texas, where they faced hostile Comanche raiders and Texans. Under U.S. control after 1846, the Nabedache were removed to Oklahoma in 1859. The Nabedache survived the Civil War and, after 1870, entered a period of peace and stability. Today they are listed under Hasinai and Caddo but are governed by their own tribal government.
(The entire section is 206 words.)
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