At the heart of My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr. is a pervasive emphasis upon the incompleteness of modern life, an emptiness caused chiefly by the materialism and social inequality that have accompanied the development of Western civilization. Even in the midst of the axial period of early Greek culture—when new heights of philosophy, religion, and democracy were attained—there was destructive inequality, the author argues. It continued in later centuries:Greece gave us noble philosophy and poetic insights, but her glorious cities were built on a foundation of slavery. Western civilization was also great, bequeathing to us glories of art and culture as well as the Industrial Revolution that was the beginning of material abundance for man. But it was based on injustice and colonialism and allowed its material means to outdistance spiritual ends.
Her husband, she argues, had understood this analysis and its corollary: that individuals are also incomplete for much the same reason. Indeed, the recovery of completeness within the individual is the key to real hope for social fulfillment. Drawing heavily upon the imagery of Social Gospel theologian Walter Rauschenbusch, Martin had called for a “Beloved Community” informed by religious faith and permeated by a spirit of selfless service to mankind. “Set yourself earnestly to discover what you are made to do,” he had challenged, “and then give yourself passionately to the doing of...
(The entire section is 499 words.)