Study Guide

A Midsummer Night's Dream

by William Shakespeare

A Midsummer Night's Dream Quotes

Important Quotations

Love can transpose to form and dignity.
Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind;
And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind.
Nor hath love's mind of any judgment taste;
Wings and no eyes figure unheedy haste:
And therefore is love said to be a child,
Because in choice he is so oft beguil'd
(I, i)

A Midsummer Night's Dream is a play where the characters often meditate on the nature of love; while nothing they say is startingly original, Shakespeare's lyricism can be profound. Here Helena touches on the impulsive and imaginitive nature of love, comparing it to the innocent, but not always reasoned, desires of a child.


I know a bank whereon the wild thyme blows,
Where ox-lips and the nodding violet grows;
Quite over-canopied with luscious woodbine,
With sweet musk-roses, and with eglantine:
There sleeps Titania sometime of the night,
Lulled in these flowers with dances and delight
(II, i)

Shakespeare lyricism is evident throughout Midsummer Night's Dream; this quote is a good example of the exuberant and magical poetry found in the play. Here Oberon is speaking about his wife Titania's sleeping quarters.


I will get Peter Quince to write a ballad of this dream: it shall be called Bottom's Dream, because it hath no bottom; and I will sing it in the latter end of a play
(IV, i)

The fantasic nature of Midsummer Night's Dream is puncuated by dreams and dreaming. Here Bottom awakens from his romance with Titania, and, after explaining the ineffability of his dream, makes a pun about the title of the dream, and the depth of its magic.


Over hill, over dale,
Thorough bush, thorough brier,
Over park, over pale,
Thorough flood, thorough fire,
I do wander everywhere,
Swifter than the moon's sphere
(II, i)

Spoken by one of the fairy's in the play, the quote is another example of the magical and fantastic nature of the play. The fairy is replying to Puck's inquiry as to where she has been.


Such tricks hath strong imagination,
That, if it would but apprehend some joy,
It comprehends some bringer of that joy;
Or in the night, imagining some fear,
How easy is a bush supposed a bear?
(V, i)

In the play's final scene, Theseus remarks on the confusion that has transpired in the woods. His words touch on one of the play's main themes, imagination, and its effects. How often does fear distort our senses, or even cause us to see things that don't exist?


If we shadows have offended,
Think but this,--and all is mended,--
That you have but slumber'd here
While these visions did appear
(I, i)

The beginning of the play's epilogue, spoken by Puck. On the one hand, the quote is an acknowledgement on Shakespeare's part that the play is "slight", on the other hand, it puncuates the fantastical, imaginative element of the play.

A Midsummer Night's Dream Essential Quotes

Essential Passage by Character: Nick Bottom

BOTTOM:
[Wakes] When my cue comes, call me, and I will answer.
My next is ‘Most fair Pyramus.’ Heigh-ho! Peter
Quince! Flute, the bellows-mender! Snout, the tinker!
Starveling! God's my life, stolen hence, and left me
asleep! I have had a most rare vision. I have had a
dream, past the wit of man to say what dream it was.
Man is but an ass if he go about to expound this dream.
Methought I was—there is no man can tell what dream.
Methought I was, and methought I had, but man is but
a patched fool, if he will offer to say what methought I had.
The eye of man hath not heard, the ear of man hath
not seen, man's hand is not able to taste, his tongue to
conceive, nor his heart to report, what my dream was. I
will get Peter Quince to write a ballad of this dream. It
shall be call'd ‘Bottom's Dream,’ because it hath no bottom;
and I will sing it in the latter end of a play, before the Duke.
Peradventure, to make it the more gracious, I
shall sing it at her death.

Act 4, Scene 1, Lines 204-221

Summary
Nick Bottom is part of a group of (very) amateur players who have decided to perform for the wedding of Theseus and Hippolyta. They are rehearsing a play based on the story of Pyramus and Thisbe, two thwarted lovers. They have come to the forest to practice without interruption, but have indeed been interrupted by the fairies and other mischievous creatures of the woods.

The king of the fairies, Oberon, has played a trick on his wife, Titania, as revenge for her supposed infidelity. Using a magic flower, he has anointed her eyes so that she will fall in love with the first living creature she sees. As fate would have it, she first sees Nick Bottom, who has been given the head of an ass by Robin Goodfellow (or Puck). Despite the ridiculousness of the situation, Titania becomes passionate toward Bottom, adorning him with love and decoration.

Seeing nothing odd in this, Bottom goes along, enjoying every minute of it. Around him, the true action of the story—the mix-up of the loves of Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius, and Helena—continues until Puck corrects all so that the right partners come together.

Bottom, on waking up, cannot decide if what has happened is a dream or has actually occurred. Thinking that he has merely falling asleep while he was waiting for his cue, he rehearses his lines although the other players are nowhere near (having run off once they saw the ass’s head on their companion).

Bottom, in his puzzlement, says that “man is but an ass if he go about to expound this dream.” There is no point in explaining it. He...

(The entire section is 1179 words.)

Essential Passage by Character: Helena

HELENA:
How happy some o'er other some can be!
Through Athens I am thought as fair as she.
But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so;
He will not know what all but he do know.
And as he errs, doting on Hermia's eyes,
So I, admiring of his qualities.
Things base and vile, holding no quantity,
Love can transpose to form and dignity.
Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind;
And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind.
Nor hath Love's mind of any judgment taste;
Wings and no eyes, figure unheedy haste;
And therefore is Love said to be a child,
Because in choice he is so oft beguiled.
As waggish boys in game themselves forswear,
So the boy Love is perjured everywhere;
For ere Demetrius look'd on Hermia's eyne,
He hail'd down oaths that he was only mine;
And when this hail some heat from Hermia felt,
So he dissolv'd, and showers of oaths did melt.
I will go tell him of fair Hermia's flight;
Then to the wood will he tomorrow night
Pursue her; and for this intelligence
If I have thanks, it is a dear expense.
But herein mean I to enrich my pain,
To have his sight thither and back again.

Act 1, Scene 1, Lines 232-257

Summary
Hermia and Lysander are in love, but their marriage does not receive the approval of Hermia’s father, Egeus. Instead, he wants her to marry Demetrius, who would be happy to do so, but Hermia is against this proposal. Egeus appeals to Theseus as ruler: if Hermia will not follow her father’s commands and marry Demetrius, she will be either condemned to a life of perpetual celibacy as a nun, or she shall be put to death.

To complicate matters further, Hermia’s best friend Helena is in love with Demetrius. The two had at one time been together, but Demetrius’s affection faded and has been transferred to Helena. He is thus very much in favor of Egeus’s plan, though he is the only one who is.

To avoid a death sentence or a life of celibacy, Hermia plans to elope with Lysander that evening, going through the forest to Lysander’s aunt where they hope to gain refuge. Hermia tells Helena about the plan. Helena is, of course, unhappy that Demetrius has rejected her and says that she will keep her friend’s secret. Hermia and Lysander wish Helena the best of luck with Demetrius.

Left alone, Helena delivers...

(The entire section is 1067 words.)

Essential Passage by Theme: Love

LYSANDER:
How now, my love! Why is your cheek so pale?
How chance the roses there do fade so fast?

HERMIA:
Belike for want of rain, which I could well
Beteem them from the tempest of my eyes.

LYSANDER:
Ay me! for aught that I could ever read,
Could ever hear by tale or history,
The course of true love never did run smooth;
But, either it was different in blood—

HERMIA:
O cross! too high to be enthrall'd to low.

LYSANDER:
Or else misgraffed in respect of years—

HERMIA:
O spite! too old to be...

(The entire section is 1279 words.)

Essential Passage by Theme: Reality

PUCK:
If we shadows have offended,
Think but this, and all is mended,
That you have but slumber'd here 
While these visions did appear.
And this weak and idle theme,
No more yielding but a dream,
Gentles, do not reprehend.
If you pardon, we will mend.
And, as I am an honest Puck,
If we have unearned luck
Now to scape the serpent's tongue,
We will make amends ere long;
Else the Puck a liar call. 
So, good night unto you all.
Give me your hands, if we be friends,
And Robin shall restore amends.

Act 5,...

(The entire section is 1039 words.)