Summary (Censorship (Ready Reference series))
The legend of the thirteenth century English outlaw Robin Hood developed during the following century in England’s Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and Lancashire counties. Although scholars disagree on whether such a person actually existed, various versions of the legend have long appealed to young people with their exciting tales of a populist outlaw band that struggled against repressive authority in the persons of the Sheriff of Nottingham, Sir Guy of Gisbourne, King John, and King Edward II.
The Robin Hood legend crossed the Atlantic Ocean early in the British settlement of the American colonies, and it received perhaps its definitive schoolyard edition in Howard Pyle’s The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, which retold twenty tales and included wood-cut illustrations. Pyle’s text stayed in print throughout the twentieth century. In 1953, Mrs. Thomas White of Indianapolis, a Republican member of Indiana’s state textbook commission, demanded that references to Robin Hood be removed from textbooks because the legend promoted the communist doctrine of redistributing income by robbing from the rich in order to give to the poor. At the same time White also inveighed against Quakers because she noted that they do not believe in fighting wars. (It is unclear whether White knew that Howard Pyle was, in fact, a Quaker.)
In response to White’s statement, Indiana’s state superintendent of education, Wilbur Young, agreed to reread...
(The entire section is 289 words.)
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Howard Pyle's Robin Hood is the first, the most beautifully illustrated, and the most complete of the many renditions for young people of the adventures of the famous yeoman-thief of Sherwood Forest. Pyle's is the quintessential Robin Hood on which later films and a television series were based, and the book has proven a perennial favorite, numbering among its enthusiastic readers the British poet William Morris as well as American presidents Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood by Howard Pyle remains the best book available for young readers on this enduring folk hero.
Like most of Pyle's works, Robin Hood is morally earnest. Pyle transforms the sly Robin Hood of the medieval sourceballads into a hero who is upright, compassionate, and unflinchingly honest. Although considered a thief and outlaw, Robin Hood is nevertheless presented in this work as a moral force in a world that allows the rich and powerful to take ruthless advantage of the poor and defenseless. Although he is technically a criminal, Robin is more honest than his foe, the Sheriff of Nottingham, who is charged with upholding the law. A just man, Robin Hood is a fugitive from justice. He is also more charitable than the various hypocritical churchmen he encounters. Pyle's Robin Hood exemplifies the virtues of justice, fair play, generosity, and compassion that the author felt were essential qualities of mature adulthood....
(The entire section is 351 words.)