Marx and Engels Publish the Communist Manifesto (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Marx and Engels publish the Communist Manifesto, a historically important document that synthesizes socialist thought and becomes the movement’s most important writing.
Summary of Event
During a period that evidenced the rise of socialism and on the eve of revolutionary activity in Europe, a short tract was published that became the most famous of all documents in the socialist movement. The pamphlet, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, originally titled Manifesto of the Communist Party, relied on political, economic, historical, and philosophical studies to depict capitalism’s rise and projected fall. Whereas most of the period’s economists failed to understand how a capitalist system worked, Marx was able to show the significance of the role of capitalism after the power of bourgeois owners was centralized in the 1830’s. Marx and Engels called for workers to unite in overthrowing the capitalist system in revolution. The themes of the Manifesto blended together to produce a dramatic and logical document that was easy to comprehend.
Prior to the sixteenth century, socialism was unknown. It was not until Thomas More’s Utopia that the first socialist ideology formed. More’s writings were more personal than universal and a true social movement did not foment until the nineteenth century, when socialism was introduced as an important public issue...
(The entire section is 1403 words.)
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