Study Guide

The Martyr

by Ngugi wa Thiong'o

The Martyr Summary

Summary

The story begins with the announcement of the murder of Mr. and Mrs. Garstone, European settlers in Kenya, by their own "houseboy," a native of Kenya who had worked for them. The news of this act of rebellion by ‘‘unknown gangsters’’ is widespread. Mrs. Hardy and Mrs. Smiles, European settlers in the area, visit Mrs. Hill, also a European settler, to discuss the news. Mrs. Hill, one of the first settlers to the area, owns vast tea plantations. Her husband has died, and her children are at school in England. She prides herself on her fair and generous treatment of the Africans whom she employs. She is especially proud of her generosity in building the huts of her employees with real bricks. Mrs. Hill believes that the Africans can be "civilized" with the proper patience and understanding. Mrs. Hardy and Mrs. Smiles, on the other hand, see the African people as "savages" who will never be civilized. Mrs. Hill calls for Njoroge, an African man who has been employed as her "houseboy" for over ten years, to bring tea to her guests. Mrs. Hill boasts of the loyalty and love Njoroge has for her. That evening, Njoroge finishes work at the house of Mrs. Hill and returns to his brick hut. He feels disdainful of the tiny brick hut Mrs. Hill is so proud of providing for him and his family; he has sent his two wives and several children to live elsewhere because they cannot all fit into the little hut. Njoroge has planned this night to kill Mrs. Hill as an act of...

(The entire section is 498 words.)