Martin Luther King, Jr., Wins the Nobel Peace Prize (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Martin Luther King, Jr., led a nonviolent battle for racial equality in the United States and was rewarded for his efforts with the Nobel Peace Prize.
Summary of Event
The African American’s struggle for civil rights in the United States is not a recent phenomenon. The movement for racial justice in the United States dates to the period between the American Revolution and the Civil War. Some of these early efforts were directed at returning blacks to Africa, and several groups of emancipated slaves did in fact emigrate to West Africa. By the early 1850’s, however, the majority of black leaders favored a campaign to stay in the United States and improve the socioeconomic and political conditions for American blacks through racial integration. Various black organizations sprang up between 1850 and 1900, all with the objective of attaining improved quality of life for African Americans. Among such organizations was the Niagara Movement, founded in 1905 by a prominent black sociologist, W. E. B. Du Bois and later reorganized into the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Also, Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican educator, provided tough and charismatic leadership for much of the black populace as founder and head of the Universal Negro Association. Unfortunately, his leadership was short-lived as the result of a mail-fraud conviction in 1922 and subsequent deportation. A major epoch...
(The entire section is 1977 words.)
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