Martin Luther King, Jr., Is Assassinated in Memphis (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The greatest voice for interracial peace and understanding, Martin Luther King, Jr., was shot to death while campaigning for civil rights.
Summary of Event
The Civil Rights movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s proved to be one of the most consequential social and political episodes in American history. Dedicated activists effectively worked to eliminate racial barriers that had denied millions of black people basic citizenship rights in the Jim Crow South. The movement produced numerous leaders, but none was more identifiable than Martin Luther King, Jr., a highly educated and articulate Baptist minister from Atlanta, Georgia. For more than a decade, his name was synonymous with the struggle for blacks’ civil rights in the United States.
King, a charismatic figure, encountered little difficulty in rallying support around his causes and leadership style. Influenced by the teachings of Morehouse College president Benjamin Mays, India’s Mahatma Gandhi, and the German philosopher Friedrich Hegel and by the social gospel of Walter Rauschensbusch, he developed a protest philosophy that blended religion with issues of justice, human and civil rights, and a vision of an ideal American society.
King was the Civil Rights movement’s greatest exponent of nonviolent mass civil disobedience. He rose to national prominence in 1955 as the leader of the Montgomery (Alabama) Improvement...
(The entire section is 2337 words.)
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