It was with Manhattan Transfer, his third published novel, that John Dos Passos made his first experiments in attempting in a novel to depict an entire society, that of a city that for him embodied the best and worst of American culture. The techniques he began using in this work came to fruition in the trilogy entitled U.S.A. (1937). Both Manhattan Transfer and U.S.A. use the same stripped, staccato style in their narrative passages, and the earlier work foreshadows the later trilogy in its rapid, abrupt shifts among a large and varied cast of characters. The speed of modern life is reflected not only in the style but also in those shifts, and the vividly colorful imagery adds to the effect.
Manhattan Transfer also prefigures U.S.A. in telling the stories of many characters while lacking a central plot. Such characters as Ellen Thatcher, Jimmy Herf, and George Baldwin receive more attention than others, but the novel can hardly be said to have a main protagonist. In fact, the central character is New York City. When Jimmy Herf escapes the clutches of the city at the end, he presumably saves his soul by heading for the hinterlands, but he leaves behind forever the city that made his life worth living.
Like other novels that intend to portray entire societies, Manhattan Transfer contains characters from many different economic and social levels (although it reflects the time of its creation in failing to include any African Americans among its major figures). The family that adopts Jimmy Herf is distinctly rich and upper class, and Herf’s uncle, Jeff Merivale, and other members of that family are very disappointed when as a young man he adopts the profession of newspaper reporter, a line of work much less prestigious than banking or law. It is even worse that Jimmy socializes with theater people and such “riffraff” and with Joe Harland, whom the Merivales no longer acknowledge as a relation.
In the story of Gus and Nellie McNiel, Dos Passos focuses attention on the laboring class and the political life of the city. The railroad accident that the...
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