Makah (American Indians Ready Reference)
Living on the northwestern tip of the Olympic Peninsula of present-day Washington State, the Makah were one of twenty-eight tribes of Native Americans living along 1,400 miles of coast from Northern California to southeastern Alaska who collectively formed the Northwest Coast Native American culture area. The Makah were bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, to the east by the Klallam tribe, and on the south by the Quileute/Hoh. Although Makah origins are unclear, anthropologists believe ancestors of the Makah were living in the same area ten thousand years ago.
About the time of the arrival of Christopher Columbus, the Makah were part of a thriving culture and society. At this time, a Makah village at Ozette was covered in an enormous mudslide. In 1966, Washington State University anthropologists began excavating the site. This natural disaster perfectly preserved thousands of artifacts including several wooden longhouses, harpoons, whale lances, and various wooden artworks such as totem carvings. This find is now preserved at Neah Bay, Washington, at the Makah Cultural and Research Center. Dale Croes and Eric Blinman have...
(The entire section is 731 words.)
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