Mahmūd Ghāzān (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: The greatest of the Mongol Il-Khans of Iran, Mahmūd Ghāzān was responsible for the conversion of the Il-Khanate to Islam and presided over remarkable flowering of syncretistic Central Asian and Iranian culture.
Mahmūd Ghāzān, Mongol ruler of Iran from 1295 to 1304, ranks as one of the most important of the medieval rulers of that country. A descendant of Genghis Khan through the latter’s grandson, Hülagü, he was the seventh in the line of the Il-Khans. These were the Mongol rulers of a khanate embracing what is today Iran, Iraq, part of Syria, eastern and central Turkey, the region of the Soviet Union south of the Caucasus Mountains, and the greater part of Afghanistan. The word “Il-Khan” meant a subordinate khan, one who acknowledged the overlordship of the Supreme Khan, or Khaqan, in distant Mongolia and China. Ghāzān seems, however, to have rejected this overlordship: Unlike his predecessors, he abandoned the practice of including the Khaqan’s name and title on his coinage, which consequently came to resemble that of other Middle Eastern rulers. After his conversion to Islam (which was publicly proclaimed on June 19, 1295), his adopted Muslim name of Mahmud was added to his Mongol name on the coinage, and as Mahmūd Ghāzān his name was thereafter read in the khutba, the invocation on behalf of the ruler included in Friday prayers in the principal mosques....
(The entire section is 2837 words.)
Show us the love and view this for free! Use the facebook like button, or any other share button on this page, and get this content free!free!
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!