Article abstract: The Magellan expedition circumnavigates the globe, opening the westward way to the Spice Islands, exploring and naming the Pacific Ocean, demonstrating the roundness of the earth, and proving the existence of the New World as separated from Asia.
Summary of Event
Magellan was born of an aristocratic family in north Portugal about 1480, and was reared as a page in the royal household where he learned navigation, astronomy, algebra, and geometry. At age fifteen he enlisted as a volunteer to sail to India, where he served with distinction and was wounded in the Portuguese siege of Malacca in 1506. On returning to India in 1508, he was again wounded at the battle of Diu the following year, and in 1510 he was rewarded with a captaincy for his numerous services and bravery. In 1512, he returned to Portugal after seven years to enlist in a campaign in Africa against the Moors, where he was again severely wounded. Following this venture, Magellan unfortunately found himself unemployed and passed over for further exploration and service, as he was out of favor with the court of Lisbon and King Manuel I, being humiliated by accusations of financial irregularities and trading with the Moors. Though the charge was later dropped, Magellan apparently could see no future for his skills, denounced his nationality, and went to Spain in 1518. His biographers have described Magellan as an imaginative, resourceful, and...
(The entire section is 1489 words.)
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