Macedonian Wars (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Hegemony over Greece. Result: Dissolution of the Macedonian monarchy; establishment of Roman hegemony over Greece.
The Argead Macedonian monarch King Philip II established Macedonian rule over Greece with his victory over a coalition of Athens and other Greek states at Chaeronea in Boeotia in 338 b.c.e. His son, Alexander the Great, further strengthened Macedonian control over the Greek city-states before launching his successful mission of conquest of the Persian Empire. Thereafter, the Antigonid Dynasty, which succeeded the Argead, continued to hold an uneasy Macedonian sway over the Greek city-states throughout the third century b.c.e. The Greek city-states, and especially Athens, with its proud traditions and glorious past, never fully acquiesced to Macedonian rule and were ever ready to seize any opportunity to throw off the Macedonian yoke. In the course of the third century b.c.e., two confederations of Greek states, the Achaean and Aetolian Leagues, managed to maintain a certain degree of autonomy from the Macedonian monarchs.
By 300 b.c.e., the Roman Republic controlled peninsular Italy through various sorts of treaties and alliances with the Italian states, in which Rome was the dominant party and invariably required its allies to contribute an annual quota of troops to the Roman military machine. Throughout much of the third century b.c.e., Rome was...
(The entire section is 956 words.)
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