Maarten Tromp (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: In 1639, Tromp destroyed the Second Spanish Armada, thus ending Spanish naval power and cutting the Spanish supply line for troops to the Netherlands, which prevented a decisive Spanish attack on the Dutch Republic.
Maarten Tromp’s naval career started at age eight on his father’s warship. In 1622, he became lieutenant and, in 1624, captain. Tromp served as flag captain aboard the Groene Draeck under Dutch naval war hero Lieutenant Admiral Piet Hein, and after Hein’s death in 1629, under Lieutenant Admiral Jasper Liefhebber. In 1637, Tromp was appointed lieutenant admiral of Holland and Zeeland, a post he would keep until his death.
During his career, Tromp led numerous war fleets to sea to protect the Dutch merchant marine and fishing fleet from pirates, to block the notorious pirate port of Dunkirk, and to hunt raiders at open sea. Tromp’s best-known action is the Battle of Downs. Between October 21 and 24, 1639, Tromp led more than one hundred warships against seventy-eight superior Spanish and English warships near Downs, England. Tromp’s stellar tactics and Spanish inexperience sealed the Spanish Armada’s fate. Tromp sunk twenty-seven ships and captured fourteen, while losing only one ship.
In 1652, Tromp and English admiral Robert Blake fought off Dover, setting off the First Anglo-Dutch War (1652-1654). Tromp won a decisive victory at Dungeness...
(The entire section is 334 words.)
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