Louis-Eugène-Félix Néel (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: By applying revolutionary viewpoints to old ideas of physics, Néel discovered new forms of magnetism, including antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic materials. His work greatly strengthened modern magnetic theory and has added fundamentally to computer-memory techniques and to the use of high-frequency waves. For his scientific zeal, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1970. Additionally, he has had tremendous importance in the establishment of various research centers in Europe.
Louis-Eugène-Félix Néel was born in Lyons, France, on November 22, 1904. He was quite precocious as a child, and his exceptional ability in mathematics became evident early in his schooling. As a result of his outstanding examination scores and teacher comments, he was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, which he attended from 1924 to 1928. In the latter year, he received a lectureship at the school, during which time he further developed his abilities in mathematics and physics, and began formulating his ideas on magnetism. In 1932, he obtained his doctorate of science from the University of Strasbourg.
Working in the laboratory of Pierre Weiss at Strasbourg, Néel started his original research in 1928 on basic problems of magnetism, a subject which would consume his interests until 1939. While working on his doctoral thesis, he had found extremely original possibilities in the works...
(The entire section is 2053 words.)
Show us the love and view this for free! Use the facebook like button, or any other share button on this page, and get this content free!free!
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!