Louis and Auguste Lumière Develop Color Photography (Great Events from History II: Science and Technology Series)
Article abstract: The Lumière brothers introduced the autochrome plate, the first commercially successful process in which a single exposure in a regular camera produced a color image.
Summary of Event
In 1882, Antoine Lumière, painter, pioneer photographer, and father of Auguste and Louis, founded a factory to manufacture photographic gelatin dry-plates. After the Lumière brothers took over the factory’s management, they expanded production to include roll film and printing papers in 1887 and also carried out joint research that led to fundamental discoveries and improvements in development and other aspects of photographic chemistry.
While recording and reproducing the actual colors of a subject was not possible at the time of photography’s inception (about 1822), the first practical photographic process, the daguerreotype (silver halide process invented by Jacques Daguerre in 1837), was able to render both striking detail and good tonal quality. Thus, the desire to produce full-color images, or some approximation to realistic color, occupied the minds of many photographers and inventors—including Louis and Auguste Lumière—throughout the nineteenth century.
In the course of their research into the area of color photography, Auguste and Louis attempted to make the Lippmann interference process (a method of recording full-color images directly by means of interference between...
(The entire section is 2115 words.)
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