Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Liam O’Flaherty (oh-FLAHRT-ee), a writer of extraordinary storytelling ability and powers of observation, was born on August 28, 1896, in Gort na gCapell in the Aran Islands of Ireland, a stormy, desolate region that was to influence his writing both in style and in subject. An outstanding student, O’Flaherty was educated at the Junior Seminary at Rockwell, Blackrock College, and Holy Cross College, a diocesan seminary in Dublin. Whether the priesthood was his intention is not known; he later wrote that he gave up the idea of being a priest while at Rockwell. He won a scholarship to University College, Dublin, and began studying medicine.
In 1915 O’Flaherty left University College to join the British army. He served with the Irish Guards in Belgium and France, suffered shell shock at Langemarck in September of 1917, and was consequently invalided from the army in 1918. He returned to Ireland briefly, then roamed the world for the next two years. He worked as a seaman on ships in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and traveled and worked in Canada and the United States. His brother Robert O’Flaherty, living in Boston and himself a writer, encouraged Liam to write about his experiences, and O’Flaherty attempted several short stories but, dissatisfied with his results, burned many of them.
In 1920 he returned to Ireland. O’Flaherty had always been politically active; as a schoolboy at Rockwell, he had organized a corps of Republican Volunteers, and at University College, he had joined the college Irish Volunteers corps. Back in Ireland again after war and wandering, he became active in communist and socialist causes. He also broke with the Catholic Church. On January 18, 1922, during the Irish Civil War, O’Flaherty led a group of unemployed in occupying the Rotunda in Dublin and raising over it the Communist Party flag. His political activities eventually forced him to flee Ireland for London, where he began to write seriously. His early efforts, a 150,000-word novel and several short stories, did not meet with much success.
In January of 1923, his short...
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Biography (Critical Survey of Short Fiction, Second Revised Edition)
Liam O’Flaherty was educated in seminaries and at University College, Dublin, from which in 1915 he joined the British army. He served in France and Belgium and, shell-shocked, became an invalid in 1918. He traveled to the United States and Canada and returned to Ireland in 1920 and became a Communist and Socialist activist. Forced to escape to England in 1922, he began writing steadily. He married Margaret Barrington in 1926 but they separated in 1932, the same year he helped to found the Irish Academy of Letters. During World War II he lived in Connecticut, the Caribbean, and South America. Despite his controversial participation in the Irish struggle for independence and the general political militancy of his twenties, and despite his active contribution to the establishment of the Irish Academy of Letters, O’Flaherty absented himself from public involvement for virtually the last forty years of his life. Unlike most Irish writers of his generation, O’Flaherty did not continue to develop. The widespread public congratulations that greeted his eightieth birthday in 1976 and the republication of many of his best-known novels during the last decade of his life did nothing of significance to break the immense silence of his later years.