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Selective Service System
PARENT ORGANIZATION: Independent
ADDRESS: 1515 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22209-2425
PHONE: (703) 605-4000
FAX: (703) 605-4106
DIRECTOR: Gil Coronado
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: Willie L. Blanding, Jr.
WHAT IS ITS MISSION?
For more than 50 years, the Selective Service System (SSS) has furnished a backup system for providing the U.S. armed forces with personnel. The mission of the Selective Service System is simple and limited to two functions: providing manpower to the armed forces in an...
Search and Seizure: What is the case of Robbins vs California about?
This case is about searches and seizures that are conducted without a warrant. Specifically, it was about whether the police would need to have a warrant in order to unwrap two packages wrapped in opaque green plastic and placed in the trunk of a car. In this case, the Supreme Court held that the police had no right to open and search the packages without a warrant.
In this case, Robbins was stopped while driving and the police smelled marijuana when he opened the car door. They searched the car and found the two packages in a baggage compartment under the trunk (such as where a spare tire might be kept). They opened the packages and found marijuana.
In this case, the Court ruled that the police had acted...
An area of the law that deals with the rights of employers, employees, and labor organizations.
U.S. labor law covers all facets of the legal relationship between employers, employees, and employee LABOR UNIONS. Employers' opposition to recognizing employees' rights to organize and bargain collectively with management has resulted in a system of primarily federal laws and regulations that is adversarial in nature. Modern labor law dates from the passage of the WAGNER ACT of 1935, also known as the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) (29 U.S.C.A. §§ 151 et seq.). Congress has passed two major revisions of this act: the
Law: What does the legislative branch do?
In federal and state government, the legislative branch's primary function is to make laws, (to legislate means to make laws),but in the federal government, the legislature has a few other responsibilities, too. It is important for you to understand, though, that whether we are talking about the federal legislature, which is Congress, or the legislature of a particular state, the rights and responsibilites of this branch are controlled by constitutions. For Congress, the United States Constitution controls what can be done, and in the case of state legislatures, each state constitution controls what that particular legislature can do. This is why a knowledge of the particular constitution is so very important....
Law of Twelve Tables
Arkansas v. Sanders: What is this case of Arkansas vs. Sanders about?
This case is about searches and seizures of private property taken from a car that has legally been stopped by the police. It has to do with whether the police can search such property without a warrant. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the police need to have a warrant to search private property taken from a car.
In general, the police need to have warrants to search private property. However, one exception to this is when the private property is in a car and may be driven away and destroyed. In that case, the police have the right to search and seize the property to prevent the destruction of evidence.
In this case, Lonnie Sanders was arrested while riding in a taxi. He had a suitcase full of...
Quiz: Affordable Care Act
This quiz covers the basics of the Affordable Care Act.
Law: Of the three branches of U.S. government, which one do you believe is the most...
This is a very interesting question. The original intent was that the three branches would be able to check and balance one another so that no single branch would be able to claim too much power. According to the Constitution, the legislative branch is to make the laws, the judicial branch is to review the laws to be sure that they are Constitutional, and the executive branch is to enforce the laws.
In recent years, however, I would say that the judicial branch has been claiming more than their fair share of the power. Part of this may be due to the debate as to whether the Constitution is to be interpreted literally, just as it was written, or whether it is meant to...
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Article abstract: The U.S. Supreme Court defines racial quotas in preferential admissions programs to be unconstitutional yet also declares that an applicant’s race can be a consideration.
Summary of Event
The case of Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, better known as the Bakke case, led to a significant U.S. Supreme Court civil rights decision. It was the first case concerning the constitutionality of preferential college admissions programs to be heard by the Supreme Court. Although the decision of the Court settled some questions concerning the legality of race-conscious admissions processes, the lack of a majority opinion in the case left other questions...
Cicero on Laws
The U.S. Constitution divides the powers of government into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. Generally speaking, the legislative branch, Congress, makes the nation's laws. The executive branch enforces the laws through the president and various executive offices. The judicial branch, made up of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, decides cases that arise under the laws.
This division of government is called the separation of powers. The separation of powers is supposed to prevent tyranny. Tyranny is random or unfair government action that can result when one person has all the power to make, enforce, and interpret the laws.
In addition to the broad...
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States: What connection does Heart of Atlanta Motel v....
This case is connected to the Constitution because it held that the Commerce Clause of the Constitution can be used by Congress to justify banning racial discrimination in public accommodations.
In 1881, a set of cases called the Civil Rights Cases were decided by the Supreme Court. These cases held that the 14th Amendment could not be applied to privately owned businesses. In other words, the 14th Amendment applied only to government actions, not to the actions of private businesses. In 1964, however, the US Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. That law said that even private businesses could not discriminate on the basis of race. The Heart of Atlanta Motel sued because it wanted to continue to exclude...
Gideon v. Wainwright
Article abstract: The U.S. Supreme Court guarantees the right to legal counsel.
Summary of Event
In the 1960’s, the Supreme Court effected a virtual revolution in American constitutional rules dealing with criminal procedure. These were part of a series of extensive changes in all phases of constitutional law: First Amendment freedoms, redistricting and reapportionment of electoral districts, and civil rights. Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court had for some years stressed the protections available to criminal defendants, but in Mapp v. Ohio (1962) it issued a major pronouncement on the subject, declaring that evidence seized in violation of the search warrant and...
Law: Whats a good thesis statement arguing for the death penalty? I need to explain in the...
I think that much of this is going to be dependent on what you have researched, understood, and/ or believed on the death penalty. I think that you might want to make an argument about what the death penalty's relationship to human rights might be. For example, does the death penalty violate human rights? That would be one distinct starting point. Seeing that human rights is a world issue, in your mind, how does the death penalty impact the discussion of human rights? Does it violate human rights if the government takes human life? I think that you might be able to start to construct the argument about the world issue of the death penalty by taking it as a human rights issue and expanding off of it. I feel that this...
Federal Election Campaign Act (1971)
Mark Glaze and Trevor Potter
With the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971, (P.L. 92-225), Congress attempted to establish comprehensive regulations on the way American political campaigns for Congress and the presidency raise money and disclose the amount and sources of contributions. This act, and its subsequent amendments, governs nearly all aspects of federal campaign finance activity, including the four dominant issues: the size of contributions to political campaigns, the source of such contributions, public disclosure of campaign financial information, and public financing...
Law, Federal Emergency Management Agency: Are emergency management and emergency...
Yes, there is a difference between emergency preparedness and emergency management. Preparedness happens before emergency; management happens after the emergency has taken place.
Emergency planning involves organizing resources and personnel to be ready to react in case of an emergency. Different types of groups and equipment may be needed to deal with different kinds of emergency situations. Emergency planning could include creating and publicizing evacuation routes, assigning responsibilities to take care of specific parts of a community's infrastructure, and so on.
Emergency management involves coordinating all the necessary services during and after an emergency has occurred. Protecting the public, helping the...
A corporation is a distinct legal entity created by STATUTE. CORPORATIONS have many of the same legal rights and obligations as do individuals. They can own and sell property, they can hold profits or acquire debts, they can enter into contracts and sue or be sued, and governments can tax them. Corporations are advantageous primarily because they become legal entities that are...
Law: What are the 5 most important rights provided to citizens in a democratic state...
I think that 5 most important rights that citizens in a democratic are as follows:
1) Freedom of speech and expression- The most fundamental right that all citizens must have in a democratic state is the right to express oneself and one's opinions. This feeds into the responsibility of civic virtue and basic tenets of citizenship. An image that I would associate with this basic right is a megaphone. It generates sound and reverberates sound when someone speaks through it. This is similar to how democracy functions: When there is voice, everyone benefits in a democracy.
2) The right to a fair trial/ due process (procedural fairness)- I think another fundamental right that a democratic state must protect is...
Articles of Confederation: Which important powers did the national government lack under the...
The US government under the Articles of Confederation lacked many important powers. Some of these were specific powers but others were more general.
Generally, the national government simply looked weak. It had no chief executive and no judiciary. This meant that the national government had no power to enforce or even to interpret laws that it passed. This made it weak in general ways.
The government also lacked several specific powers. It lacked the power to regulate trade between the states or between the states and foreign governments. This meant that trade wars could break out between states. It also meant that the US could not create any trade policies with foreign countries. When the British closed...