Lau v. Nichols (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: The U.S. Supreme Court decides that school districts must provide bilingual education to limited-English-speaking students.
Summary of Event
In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas that the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution forbade school systems from segregating students into separate schools for only whites or African Americans. The decision effectively overturned a previous Court ruling, in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), that such facilities could be “separate but equal.” Instead of desegregating, however, Southern school systems engaged in massive resistance to the Court’s order during the next decade. Congress then passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits many types of discrimination. Title VI of the law bans discrimination by recipients of federal financial assistance, including school systems.
In 1965, Congress adopted the Immigration and Nationality Act, under which larger numbers of Asian immigrants arrived in the United States than ever before, and their non-English-speaking children enrolled in public schools. In the San Francisco Unified School District, students were required to attend school until sixteen years of age, but in 1967, 2,856 students could not adequately comprehend instruction in English. Although 433 students were given supplemental courses in English on a full-time basis and...
(The entire section is 1586 words.)
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